Complete Calendar from a Breviary, later in the library of the Carmelites of Semur-en-Auxois and then the 6th Baronet of Pitsligo, illuminated manuscript in Latin, on vellum[Burgundy (almost certainly Autun), c. 1475]
6 leaves (a complete gathering), each with single column of 33 lines, 185 by 135mm.
Certainly of Autun use, with numerous local saints and features: 25 January. Racho, Bishop of Aeduensis (Autun) (d. c. 660); 11 February. Desiderius, Bishop of Vienne & Martyr, NATIVE OF AUTUN (d. 608); 1 June. Reverianus, a Bishop (d. 272), EVANGELISED AUTUN; 25 June. Simplicius, Bishop of Autun (d. c. 360); 19 July. Rheticus, Bishop and Confessor (OF AUTUN) (d. 334); 28 July. Nazarius and Celsus, Martyrs (d. c. 68), the first cathedral of Autun was dedicated to Nazarius; 4 August. Cassian, Bishop and Confessor (OF AUTUN) (d. c. 350); 7 August. Euphronius, Bishop and Confessor (OF AUTUN) (between 472-490); 22 August. Symphorian, Martyr (OF AUTUN) (d. c. 200); 26 August. Octave of Symphorian, Martyr (OF AUTUN) (d. c. 200); 27 August. Sygius, Bishop and Confessor (OF AUTUN) (d. 600); 1 September. Lazarus, Bishop of Marseilles (1st. Century) – this is the ‘Solemnity’ feast that is specific to the Autun liturgy; 2 October. Leodegarius, Bishop OF AUTUN and Martyr (d. 679) – here specifying that the triplex is to be sung in the cathedral at Autun; 8 October. Octave of Leodegarius, Bishop OF AUTUN & Martyr (d. 679); 20 October. Revelation of the Blessed Lazarus, Bishop of Marseilles (1st. Century), – this celebrating the transfer of his relics to Saint Lazaire in Autun; 4 November. Proculus, Bishop OF AUTUN and Martyr (d. c. 717); 21 November. Pragmatius, Bishop OF AUTUN (d. c. 520); 5 December. Raconis, Bishop OF AUTUN; 8 December. Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary – specifying a triplex to be sung in cathedral of Autun; 30 December. Dedication of the Church of St. Lazarus at Autun
Then, by seventeenth or eighteenth century, in the library of the Carmelites of Semur-en-Auxois, 40 miles north of Autun: their ex libris and classmark on first leaf: “Carmeli Semuriensis G. 130”.
Then Sir William Forbes (1739-1806), 6th Baronet of Pitsligo, Kincardshire, Scotland, and kept in the library of Fettercairn House.
Sold Sotheby’s, 6 December 2016, lot 29, and then dispersed.
This Calendar then Roger Martin of Grimsby, his MS. 485.
Fourteenth- and fifteenth-century liturgical leaves and fragments (all from Missals, Noted Breviaries and Choirbooks) including:
- A strip of a 14th-c. ms, with initial ‘E’ decorated in pale green, 265 by 65mm.;
- A larger strip from a 15th-c. ms with large initial ‘I’, 305 by 115mm.;
- A partial bifolium of 15th-c. with turquoise-blue and red initials and 16th-c. German annotations from reuse as an front endleaf in a later binding, 240 by 320mm.;
- A 14th-c cutting from a Noted Breviary with music on a 4-line stave arranged around a red clef line, 158 by 304mm.;
- Two square cuttings from a choirbook of late 16th, reused as account book covers for a church in “Waldsachsen” (now a suburb of the town of Meerane in Zwickau in Sachsen, their church founded in 1561, and these leaves most probably taken from a manuscript in some local monastery);
- Cutting from a leaf from a 15th-c. Breviary or Missal, reused in a later binding and then restored and flattened, 223 by 280mm.
- Complete leaf from a 14th-c. choirbook, again recovered from a bookbinding and with 16th– or 17th-c. additions in a German hand from that reuse, 350 by 252mm.