Two fragments from Raymond of Penyafort (d. 1275), Summa de casibus penitentialis and Summa de matrimonio in Latin, manuscript on parchment[Italy (or southern France?), 14th century]
Two fragments, one vertical and from the outer half of a leaf, c. 135 × 240 mm, the other horizontal and from the top half of a leaf, c. 365 × 145mm, the original leaves written in two columns of 48 lines, written in a fine rounded gothic script, the vertical piece with text apparently comprising part of Raymond of Penyafort’s Summa de casibus, Book I, 10.2 “Quid sint genera mendaciorum” (based on and paraphrasing Augustine, De mendacio), beginning “aliquis sit pecuniam ese tollendam iniuste a latrone … [the last lines illegible]”); the horizontal piece unidentified but apparently concerning degrees of separation (the second column begins “et Sium qui fuerunt fratres ecce primus gradus et s’ cand’(?) Si vero non poteris scire …” about two brothers, Sejus and Titius, which is very similar to a passage in Tancred (d. 1236) of Bologna’s De matrimonio, ch. 20 “De consanguinitate”) and Raymund’s Summa de matrimonio, (which is a revision of Tancred’s earlier work), Book 4, 7.2: “Quid sit gradus”; decorated with two-line initials alternately red with blue penwork flourishing; apparently recovered from use in a bookbinding, with consequent damage, creases, holes, etc., one side of each fragment barely legible.